Benefits of Hip Replacement Surgery
The greatest benefit of hip replacement for most of our patients is dramatic pain relief. Most of Angeles Hospital Tijuana patients have complete, or near complete, relief of pain. Studies indicate 80% or more of hip replacement patients are completely pain free after their operation. Range of hip movement and mobility also improves moderately in most patients.
After surgery, most patients are better able to perform certain activities of daily life, with some finding they can become completely independent, while others may continue requiring aids or help from others. Patients who undergo hip arthroplasty reduce the need for community medical resources such as home visits from general practitioners or district nurses and generally improve their own quality of life as well as that of their helpers.
Some patients find they need to continue taking antarthritic drugs after surgery and older patients needed to spend longer in hospital after surgery because of complications.
Risks of Hip Replacement Surgery
Complications of hip replacement surgery include the possibility of blood clots forming in the lower extremities that can travel to the lungs, creating pulmonary embolism. Severe cases of pulmonary embolism are rare but can cause respiratory failure and shock. Other potential problems include difficulty with urination, local skin or joint infection, fracture of the bone during or after surgery, scarring and limitation of motion of the hip.
Loosening of the prosthesis is possible in time, which eventually leads to prosthesis failure and the necessity of additional surgery. Because hip arthroplasty requires anesthesia, the usual risks of anesthesia apply and include heart arrhythmias, liver toxicity, and pneumonia.